DC feedback for wide band frequency fixed current source

Aoday Hashim Mohamad Al-Rawi, Wan Mohd Azhar Bin Wan Ibrahim, Eraj Humayun Mirza

Abstract


Alternating current sources are mainly used in bioelectrical impedance devices. Nowadays 50 – 100 kHz bioelectrical impedance devices are commonly used for body composition analysis. High frequency bioelectrical impedance analysis devices are mostly used in bioimpedance tomography and blood analysis. High speed op-amps and voltage comparators are used in this circuit. Direct current feedback is used to prevent delay. An N-Channel J-FET transistor was used to establish the voltage controlled gain amplifier (VCG). A sine wave signal has been applied as input voltage. The value of this signal should be constant in 170 mV rms to keep the output current in about 1 mA rms. Four frequencies; 100 kHz, 1 MHz, 2 MHz and 3.2 MHz were applied to the circuit and the current was measured for different load resistances. The results showed that the current was stable for changes in the resistor load, bouncing around an average point as a result of bouncing DC feedback.

Keywords


Bioimpedance analysis; wide band frequency; body composition; blood analysis; medical devices.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5617/jeb.294